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Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharma)

Two years postgraduate programmes with specialization in following various branches of Pharmaceutical Sciences leading to M.Pharm. Degree.

Pharmacognosy

Pharmacognosy is the study of medicines derived from natural sources. The word "pharmacognosy" is derived from the Greek words pharmakon (drug), and gnosis (knowledge). Indias pharmaceutical industry has been rich for several years now. In the current scenario in the field of globulisation no. of reynounds industries of the complete word are engaged in the production of the medicine & cosmetics derived from natural sources.

Pharmacognosy can be divided into the fields of medical ethno botany, ethno pharmacology, phytotherapy, phytochemistry, zoopharmacognosy & marine pharmacognosy. All these branches have their own importance in various fields.

The purpose of study of Pharmacognosy is to correlate human being with natural resources. Natural originated drugs continue to be important for the treatment of many diseases worldwide. Pharmacognosy, a long-established pharmaceutical science, has played a diverse role in the discovery, characterisation, production and standardisation of these drugs. The relevance of this discipline in terms of research and academic has increased in the last decade as members of the public in developed countries.

Pharmacognosy is one of the very fruitful branch as played a pivotal role in the discovery and development of new drugs and therapies, and has been continuing to do so even today hence it is gaining popularity day by day among the indivisibles.

 

Pharmacology

It is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the study of drug action. More specifically, it is the study of the interactions that occur between a living organism and chemicals that affect normal or abnormal biochemical function. If substances have medicinalproperties, they are considered pharmaceuticals.

The field encompasses drug composition and properties, interactions, toxicology, therapy, and medical applications and antipathogenic capabilities. The two main areas of pharmacology are pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. The former studies the effects of the drugs on biological systems, and the latter the effects of biological systems on the drugs. In broad terms, pharmacodynamics discusses the interactions of chemicals with biologicalreceptors, and pharmacokinetics discusses the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of chemicals from the biological systems.

Pharmacology is not synonymous with pharmacy and the two terms are frequently confused. Pharmacology deals with how drugs interact within biological systems to affect function. It is the study of drugs, of the reactions of the body and drug on each other, the sources of drugs, their nature, and their properties. In contrast, pharmacy is a biomedical science concerned with preparation, dispensing, dosage, and the safe and effective use of medicines.

 

Pharmaceutics

Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy that deals with the process of turning a new chemical entity (NCE) into a medication to be used safely and effectively by patients. It is also called the science of dosage form design. There are many chemicals with pharmacological properties, but need special measures to help them achieve therapeutically relevant amounts at their sites of action.

Pharmaceutics helps relate the formulation of drugs to their delivery and disposition in the body.Pharmaceutics deals with the formulation of a pure drug substance into a dosage form. Branches of pharmaceutics include:

Pure drug substances are usually white crystalline or amorphous powders. Historically before the advent of medicine as a science it was common for pharmacists to dispense drugs as is, most drugs today are administered as parts of a dosage form. The clinical performance of drugs depends on their form of presentation to the patient.